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78.The major structural component of the sperm flagellum is the:

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A. microtubule
B. microfilament
C. actin filament
D. mysosin filament
E. ciliary body

ANS A. This is a basic histological question of a type found commonly on NBDE, which asks about basic cellular organelles and structures. The sperm cell flagellum is notable for a “9+2” arrangement of fibers formed from microtubules. The 9 single fibers form a circular ring in cross section around the 2 doubled fibers in the center. One of the significant facts about the fibers is
that they are composed of microtubules, made up of tubulin. The other significant fact is that all eucaryotic flagella and cilia have this same structure (for example, cilia form the tracheal lining). Note that procaryotic (bacterial) flagellea do NOT share this structure.


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